Mahjong or mahjong (Chin. Trad. 麻將, pinyin: májiàng, Pall .: mahjong) (also mahjong or madzyan, Traditional Chinese: 麻將, pinyin: májiàng) is a Chinese game using dice for players (everyone plays for himself ).
The Mahjong game is played bones, resembling dominoes, by rules similar to poker playing it requires qualities such as experience, memory and observation.
The Mahjong game has also a random factor whose role, depending on the game rules may be small and critical. The goal - to score the most points by collecting the most valuable combination of a predetermined number of bones.
It is necessary to distinguish gambling from mahjong solitaire, Online Mahjong - the last is a game for one player, the analog card solitaire dice game mahjong.
There are many variations of the rules of the Game Free Mahjong, of which normally stands 13 most common. Other variations of different small parts, the majority - only the rules of scoring. In different places players often prefer one option and avoid or consider other incorrect version of the rules. Basic rules of the following options:
Chinese classical Mahjong
The oldest version of mahjong. This version of the game was distributed in America in the 20s of XX century, and is still used by a small number of players in the West and some of the players in Asia. Special features: Game 136 bones (do not use flowers and seasons), points are awarded for collected sets, set the price depends on the open hand or not, there is a doubling combination is allowed to pick a bone with the Law, fines apply for the player that dropped the bone, which enabled another win if winning at the same time reset was obvious.
Hong Kong or Cantonese Mahjong
Probably the most common version of the game, slightly different from the classic rules of scoring.
It is gaining popularity, especially in southern China, the option of mahjong, eliminating the possibility of a pick Kona Coast, not using dice Red and Green Dragon and others. The game is very fast.
Prevailing in Taiwan version of the rules, characterized in that the hands of the player initially has 16 bones, compared with 13 in the other versions. There are also special bonuses for Leader (East), and the opportunity to win several players from the last bone demolished.
Japanese Mahjong (or "Reethi-mahjong", or simply "Reethi")
modern Japanese version of Mahjong, popular in Japan and the prevailing video games. It uses a set of 136 bones (do not use flowers and seasons) and, by agreement, additional bone "Red Five". Different counting rules and regulations unique ri: minute (riichi) and dora (dora). In 2008, Hanover hosted the first championship rules Reethi European Riichi Mahjong Championship.
Korean mahjong with Seasons and without the use of bamboo, with 104 bones, normally present in the game all the four winds. Must be at least 2 points or more wins. South Korean version of mahjong contains some combination of Chinese and Japanese, some of which are not currently in use, and contains some of the classic combination. It features a very dynamic course of the game. Korean mahjong is not very common, even in Korea rarely play in accordance with these rules
Western classical Mahjong
The development of a simplified version of the rules, common in America in the 20s thanks to the book by Joseph Park Babcock Joseph Park Babcock's Rules of Mah-Jongg. Today, the term refers to the rules of most Wright-Patterson (Wright-Patterson), used in the United States armed forces, and other American versions of the rules, the rules are close to Babcock.
Standardized National Mahjong League and the American Association of Mahjong version of the game, the most different from the traditional (classical Chinese) mahjong. It uses a bone Joker, the rule of "Charleston", a combination of five or more chips is not used and the announcement of a standard Chow hand. This gives grounds to assume some independent American mahjong game.
Sport Mahjong (also Mahjong Competition Rules, MCR, Chinese Official Rules, COR, a Chinese official, international law)
Variant rules developed in 1998-2000 in China and standardized by the International Organization of mahjong in 2006 as a set of rules for international competitions. Based on the rules of classical Chinese mahjong, the game is full of classic set of 144 bones, points are awarded for hands containing one of 81 standardized combinations. Not applicable doubling "dead wall" free bone, part spectacle unique combinations.
a simplified version for three players, which uses a set of 84 bones, including the Joker. The advantage of this version is the faster of the game.
variation of mahjong, extended to Singapore, similar to the Cantonese Mahjong. Distinctive features are the presence of unique bones of four animals (cat, a mouse, a rooster and a centipede) and some changes in the rules of counting, which allow, under certain conditions, carry out the calculation in the middle of the party.
It uses the joker.
16 species of wild card.
From the windows of the Joker.
How Play Mahjong?
In various parts the rules vary, sometimes quite substantially, so here is presented only for the most common sets of rules playbook and identifies some of the most important options.
Party mahjong played by four players, each playing against everyone. There are modifications of the rules of the game for three of us.
The game consists of one or more gaming sessions, each session - not less than two rounds, each round - at least four hands. The number of sessions is determined in advance. In official competitions as possible time limit: The Mahjong game ends after a certain time, no matter how many rounds have been played.